There are many types of marine vessels.four types of marine vessels we have studied are:
- commercial vessels
- naval vessels
- fishing vessels
- coastal and inland boats
Types of hulls
My d.t project
This blog discusses the issues of children's rights being violated in Kenya
Nazmie, a 12-year-old Roma girl from Korca, in Albania, believed Stephan when he promised to love and care for her. She had just dropped out of school and was working in a cigarette factory. When Stephan, who was 29, suggested that they move abroad to look for a better life, she married him. Two refugee boys from Kosovo rest against the car that brought them to the northern border town of Kukes in Albania. Three months after their wedding, the couple travelled to Italy. Then Stephan announced that he wanted Nazmie to work on the street as a prostitute. "I didn't know what 'prostitution' meant," says Nazmie, now 15. "I thought it was only a job. I didn't know what kind of job it was." Nazmie's husband became her pimp. "I worked morning till night every day," Nazmie recalls. She had to earn the equivalent of US$250 per night, which meant she had to have about 10 ‘clients’ [exploiters] a night. "If I didn't earn that money, he would beat me," she says.
Returned to abuse
Nazmie thought her nightmare was over when she was arrested by the Italian police. They sent her back to Albania. But as soon as she arrived, her brother-in-law put her on a speedboat back to Italy. This happened three times. The fourth time Nazmie was sent back her luck changed. She was picked up by a local non-governmental organization (NGO), who persuaded her family not to send her back to her husband. Nazmie is now taking classes through the mail in a programme run by the NGO and sponsored by UNICEF. She is learning hairdressing and sewing, and hopes to get her high-school diploma. Eventually, Nazmie says, she would like to work in a clothing factory.
Note: Child marriage reduces girls' opportunities to get an education, to move about freely, to receive the support they need, and to have control over decisions affecting their lives; child marriage greatly increases the vulnerability of girls to abuse, exploitation and violence.
Tirsit became a child in prostitution on the streets of Addis Ababa at the age of 13.
A group of children stand together in a village in the Tigray region of Ethiopia.
"I've been working on the street for three years because I had a conflict with my parents," she explains. "My stepfather used to get drunk and beat us. Also, he used to favour my sister, who is his real daughter. I met some girls on the street and I became friends with them. Two of the older girls used to work [in prostitution] and give us the money to live … These people were good to me, so I followed them. I was really hurt by my family experience and these people were nice to me."
Ethiopia is one of the world's poorest countries and employment opportunities in Addis Ababa are very limited. If children lose their parents or their parents break up, or they run away because of violence and arguments at home, they have few options and may have to take desperate measures to survive.
It is a dangerous life on the streets, but the children look out for each other, as another child in prostitution, Zemzem, explains. "I was afraid at first, but when I got used to it, I wasn't afraid any more," she says. "I'm familiar with people in the area. Everybody knows me, so there's no problem." But this solidarity does not protect children from violence. "A man refused to pay me after we went out," Tirsit recalls. "I had a fight with him and got out of the car. The police came because I had hurt my leg getting out of the car, but he bribed the police when they came to get him. They left me on the street with nowhere to go." Many of the children would like to change their situation, but they need help and support. "I'm interested to stop [prostitution] and find something else to do, but I don't know how to do anything else," Tirsit says. "Everybody has a different opinion about how to help, but we need a job — any kind of job."
"[Prostituted children] shouldn't have to go to jail, because it's not their fault. They don't want to be out there. I think they should have a home for us that we can go to, some place that we could turn to when we don't want to do this no more. Now, the cops just lock up everybody." Tanisha was born in Jamaica and came to the US when she was two and a half. She had a history of sexual abuse. Her stepfather had sexually assaulted her at the age of seven, and her step uncles raped her at the age of 12. "By the time I was 16 I had a daughter," Tanisha says. "I was still in high school and didn't have much money to support my child ... I needed a way to get some money fast, and I couldn't get a job." Imprisoned twice over
Tanisha talked to a girl at school who she knew had been drawn into prostitution. That evening the girl introduced Tanisha to a pimp, and he began to prostitute Tanisha as well. After a short while he sold her to another pimp, who kept her basically imprisoned in a brothel with nine other girls, seven of whom were also under age. Each girl had to hand all the money they made straight over to the pimp, and they were forbidden any contact with their families. "I wasn't allowed to call my mother," Tanisha recalls. "I wasn't allowed to go home. I couldn't see my daughter. I couldn't do anything." Then Tanisha was arrested and jailed for prostitution. While she was in jail, she finally found the help she needed through a programme called Girls Educational and Mentoring Services (GEMS). "I've been there for about nine months now," says Tanisha. "I currently work as a youth leader. I'm going back to school." Prostitution, though illegal, is common in New York, as in most other big cities around the world. The true number of children involved is not known, but Susan Breault of the Paul and Lisa Program, another voluntary organization dedicated to helping homeless and exploited children in New York, estimates that there are roughly five thousand prostituted children — both girls and boys — in the city today.
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